Arrival Route Guide
Departure Route Guide
Radio Tower Contact
All aircraft to contact Grand Central Tower (FAGC) from The FATO BEFORE departure to advise that they are getting airborne and AFTER approach BEFORE taxi to advise that they are safe.
Takeoff and Climb (Departure)
Aircraft should use a high rate-of-climb and make a smooth transition to forward
flight. The departure route should be over areas that are least sensitive to noise. Takeoff path should avoid all noise sensitive area by at least 1000 ft AGL or 6000 ft AMSL on FAGC QNH, whichever comes first.
As a general rule, avoid rapid, ‘high g’/high bank angle turns. When the flight operation requires turns, perform control movements smoothly.
Descent/Approach and Landing
Use techniques that typically use a glideslope that is a few degrees steeper than a normal approach. In addition to avoiding loud noise, steep approaches ensure a greater height over the noise-sensitive area. Once the transition from cruise to the approach glideslope has been made, the airspeed and rate of descent can be ‘tailored’ to fit local conditions, avoid unsafe regimes, and still guarantee minimum noise.
Small/Light Helicopters Descent/Approach and Landing Techniques
When commencing approach, first establish a rate-of-descent of at least 500fpm, then reduce airspeed while increasing the rate-of-descent to 700-800fpm. Hold the rate-of-descent to less than 200 fpm while reducing airspeed to 50-60 knots/60-70 mph, then increase the rate-of-descent to 700-800fpm. At a convenient airspeed between 45 and 60 knots/50-70 mph, set up an approach glideslope while maintaining the 700-800 fpm or greater rate of-descent. Increase the rate-of-descent if main rotor noise is heard, or if a steeper glideslope is required. Just prior to the ‘flare,’ reduce the airspeed below 50 knots/60 mph before decreasing the rate-of descent. Execute a normal flare and landing, decreasing the rate-of-descent and airspeed appropriately.
Medium/Heavy Helicopters. Descent/Approach and Landing
When commencing approach, begin descent at a rate of at least 200fpm before reducing airspeed, then reduce airspeed while increasing the rate of descent to 800-1000 fpm. At a convenient airspeed between 50 and 80knots, set up an approach glideslope while maintaining the 800-1000fpm rate of descent. Increase the rate-of-descent if main rotor noise is heard, or a steeper glideslope is required. Just prior to the approach to the ‘flare’ reduce the airspeed to below 50 knots before decreasing the rate of descent. Execute a normal flare and landing, decreasing the rate of descent and airspeed appropriately.